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Portal Site for Russellian in Japan


Bertrand Russell's Vocabularies

ラッセル英単語・熟語_総合索引

 


「まえがき」


「まえがき」


「まえがき」

凡 例

  1. ラッセルの著作に使用されている単語及び熟語の用例集 (編集動機など)

  2. ごく簡単なもの(例:中学で学ぶ単語など)やあまり活用できそうもない難しい単語等は原則として除く

  3. 当面,単語と熟語を混在させる。必要があれば,単語集と熟語集に分割する。

  4. [用例の収集方法]
    (▲ は半角スペース)

    Google 検索エンジンを使い,
    「英単語▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「英単語1▲英単語2▲site:http://russell-j.com/」
    「"フレーズ"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    あるいは
    「▲"英熟語"▲site:http://russell-j.com/」(必ず""で囲む)
    等で検索し,その結果を使用。
   ★ Google の検索エンジンを利用した本ポータルサイト活用法(詳細版)

    【参考サイト:発音記号の読み方と覚え方
abduct abide abort abound abrupt absolutely absorb abstain absurd 
abuse accommodate accompany accumulate account accuse acquaintance 
acquiesce acute adapt addict adhere adjust adolescence advent adverse advocate 
aesthetic afflict affection affirmative agent agony alien allege alleviate allot 
ally alternative altruistic ambiguous ambivalent amiable ample anarchy 
anecdote annoy anticipate antidote antiquated apathy apparent appetite 
applaud apply apprehend aptitude arbitrary ardour argue arouse arrest 
arrogant articulate artificial ascertain ascetic ascribe assassination assault assent 
assert assess asset assign assimilate assume atheist attorney attract authentic 
authority autocracy avenge avert awe awkward axiom
 || (番外) asinine
 // (熟語) according as all but all of a sudden all the same allude to 
and the like anything but apart from as (A) as any (B) as (A) as ever as a rule
as far as (A) be concerned as for as it is as it were as opposed to as the case may be
as yet associate with at a loss at all cost at length at once at one's disposal
at one's wits' end at the mercy of at will attend to
balance ban banish bankrupt barbarian bare barely barren bear befall 
benefit benevolence beset bestow betray bill blame blast bliss blockade 
bloom blunder blossom blunder boast boredom bother bow breach 
breakdown breed brood bruise bully bunch burden bureaucracy bury bustle 
  || (番外) Bolshevik
 // (熟語)  be beneath one's dignity  be bent on [upon]  be bound to 
be confronted with be content with  be devoid of be done with be due to 
be endowed with be equal to  be hard up  be indignant at  be lost in 
be obliged to be possessed by be subject to be to be weary of be well(badly) off 
become of bring up bump into but for by far by nature by oneself
capable cardinal carriage carve cast catastrophe cause celebrate celebrity celibacy 
certain challenge charge chase cheat chill choke chuckle circumstances claim 
clap clarity class clench cling clumsy coarse coerce coherent coincidence 
collapse collision commemorate commit commodity communism commute compartment 
compassion compatible compel compensate competence compliment compress 
comprise compromise comrade concede conceit conceive condemn condition 
confidence confine confirm conform confound congenial conscience consent 
conservative consolation conspicuous constitute constraint contend context contract 
contradiction controversy convention convert convict convince coordinate corruption 
counterpart courtesy cram crave credit creep criterion critical crucial crude cult 
cure curiosity currency curse
 || (番外) Christian
 // (熟語) call for call off call upon (on) 〜 to (for)  can afford (to) 
cannot possibly (could not possibly) care for carry out cater to close by 
come accros come into being (existence) come of age consist in cope with 
correspond to cut a figure 
damn dazzle deal debase deceive decent decline deduct deed defect deference 
defy delegate deliberation delusion denote depict depreciate deprive derive 
descriptiondesert designate desolate despot destitute detach detect deter 
deteriorate devastate deviation device diagnosis diligent diffuse dimly dip 
disapprove disarmament discard discipline discern discreet discriminate disgrace 
disguise disgust disinterested dismal dismay dismiss dispense disposition disregard 
disrupt dissent dissolve distil distort distract distress diversity divert divine 
dizzy doctrine domain domestic dominate doom dose drag drain drawback 
dread dreary drought drown drudgery dubious durable dynasty 
|| (番外) diabolic
  // (熟語) dawn on (upon) day in and day out (day in, day out) die down 
die hard die out dispense with do more harm than good do well to (do well not to) 
do with do without draw up dwell upon (on)
eccentric eclipse efficacy efficient elaborate elicit eloquent emancipate embarrass embody
embrace emigrate emit emphatic empirical enact enchant enclose encounter endanger 
endorse endow enforce engage enhance entail entitle envy epidemic eradicate erect 
eruption esteem estimation ethnic evade evaporate evening evoke evolve exact 
exalt exasperate exceed exemplify exempt exert exile expedition expel explicit 
exploit expose extinguish
 || (番外) erroneous
 // (熟語) [the] ebb and flow embark on en masse entrust 〜 to (with)
equip 〜 with 〜 ever so / ever such explain away expose (A) to (B) 
extract (A) from (B)
fable facilitate faculty fallacy famine fanaticism fascinate fatigue feasible feast feat 
feature feeble fertile fetch fidelity filthy finite flavour [flavor] flaw flee flock 
fluctuate fold folly foresee foretell forgo formidable foul fraction fragile 
fragment frame franctic frequency friction frown function fundamental funeral 
fury futile
|| (番外) foolish
 // (熟語) fall a prey (victim) fall back upon fit (A) into (B) flatter oneself 
follow suit for all for (all) practical purposes for fear (that) 〜 may for good or evil 
for oneself for the life of one for (from) want of (a) frame of mind (be) free from 
(be) free of fresh from from within from without
garment gasp generation generosity genesis geology germ gifted given
glimpse global glow governor grace grain grant grasp gratify grave 
gravity greet grim grin gross ground growl guarantee guilt
|| (番外) greedy
 // (熟語) gain ground get at get back get on get over get rid of 
get the better of give away give rise to give way go about go astray go on with 
go out of one's way (to) go so far as to go too far
habitual halt hardship harsh hatch haughty haunt heal heap heed heir 
hemisphere herd heredity heretic heritage heterogeneous hierarchy holy 
homogeneous honesty hospitality hostility household humanity humble humbug 
humiliate hygiene hypocrisy hypothesis 
  || (番外) holy
 // (熟語) hand on hand out hand over hang about (around) hard of hearing
have a bearing on have an eye on have done with hear from hit upon (on)
identical ideology idle illiterate immune impair impart impartial imperative 
implement impoverish incentive incident incorporate indecision independent indicate 
indignant indulge infection infidelity infinity inflict infringement ingenious 
ingenuous ingredient inhabitant inherent inherit initial innate innovation insane 
inspect insult insurance intact integrate intelligence intense interfere intermit 
interrupt intervene intoxication intrigue intrinsic intrude intuition invalid 
invest involve invoke irksome irony irrigation issue
 || (番外) ignorant
 // (熟語) I dare say (I daresay) idenfify A with B if anything if only in a row 
in a word in advance in all likelihood in charge of in defiance of in due course 
in [good (real)] earnest in effect in one's company in oneself
in place of (in one's place) in proportion as in retrospect in search of in store for 
in terms of in that in the air in the dead of in the face of in the interest(s) of 
in the long run in the matter of in the middle of in the way of / in one's way in turn 
it follows that
jaw judicial judicious jury justice justify juvenile
 || (番外) jolly
 // (熟語) just so
keen kindergarten kinship kitten kneel
 || (番外) knowledge
 // (熟語) keep 〜 at a distance (keep one's distance)  keep (hold) 〜 at bay 
keep (oneself) to oneself keep 〜 out keep an eye on keep down kill time 
know (A) from (B) know better (than to) know of know the ropes
lament lapse latitude launch layer layman lean leap legacy legal legend
legislation legitimate lessen lesson lethargic liable liberal limb lightning linger 
literally loathe lofty lot love lump lunatic lure 
 || (番外) liberty

 // (熟語) lean against learn by heart leave behind lest 〜 should lie in
lie on one's face (back, side) live on live up to live with long for (after) 
look 〜 in the face look into look to (A) for (B)
machinery maintain maintain majesty malice mammal manage manifold 
manipulate marginal marital masculine material maternal mature maxim 
meagre (AmE. meager) meanness measure mediate mediocre meditate menace 
mercy mess metaphor meteor midnight mingle minute misery mistress mock 
modern modify molecule monarchy monopoly monotonous morbid mortal 
mould mount multiply  mumble municipal myth
 || (番外) mystery
 // (熟語) make a point of *ing make believe (make-believe) make for 
make one's way make out make the most (best) of make up for may as well  
may well  mistake A for B more often than not much less (not A, much less)
nag narrative nasty nation nationality nature naughty neat negligible  negotiate 
nephew nerve nightmare nominate norm notation notice notion notorious nourish 
novelty nuisance null nursery nurture nutrition
|| (番外) nincompoop
 // (熟語) natural selection next door to (in) nine (cases, times) out of ten 
no less 〜 than no less than no more 〜 than no more than not A because B 
not altogether not more than not so much 〜 as now ... now [every] now and then 
now [that]
obedience oblige oblivion obscure observe obsess obsolete obstacle obstruct
occasion occupation occurrence odd offspring opponent oppress orbit ordeal 
organic ornament otherwise outgrow outlet outrage overhear overtake 
overwhelm
 || (番外)  objective
 // (熟語) of a Sunday (of an evening) of necessity 
of one's own accord (of its own accord) of the day on behalf of on duty + off duty 
on end on occasion on the air on the contrary on the off chance once (and) for all 
only too (... to) other than over and above
pant paralyse parasite partial particle passage passion paternal pathetic 
patriotism peculiar peer penetrate pension perplex peril persist perspective pierce 
pile pious plague plausible plead plight plot plough (plow) plunge polygamy 
posterity postpone postulate pour power practical precede precept precise preclude 
predecessor predicate predict pregnant prehistoric prelude premature premise 
preoccupy prescribe prestige priest probability probe process proclaim profound 
propensity proper prophecy proposition prosecute province provoke prudent puberty
 || (番外) pedant
 // (熟語) part from part with pass away pass for penny wise (and) pound foolish
 persuade oneself (of) poetic justice prefer (A) to (B) provided [that] 
put 〜 to flight pull oneself together put something/somebody first 
put the cart before the horse put up with
Q.E.D. quaint quality quantitative quarter quasi quote
 || (番外)  queer
radiant radical raid ramify rattle react realistic realm rear reasonable reassure 
rebel recall recapture recede recite reckless reckon recollection reconcile 
rectangle recur reduce refine reflect refuge regulate reign reinforce rejoice 
relation relic relieve relish reluctant remedy reminiscence render renounce repay 
repent represent repress reproach reptile resemble resent reside resign retort 
restrain resume retain reveal revenue reverence revert rhyme ridiculous riot ritual 
rot rouse rub
 || (番外) rational
 // (熟語) red tape refer to refrain from relieve (A) of (B)
remain to be done (seen) resort to  rest with result in return a verdict root out 
(a) rule of thumb run about run across run out of run the risk of
salute sanction scent sceptical scold scorn scrutiny seclude seemingly segregate 
self-righteous sense serene sew shabby shallow shed sheer shirk shiver 
shortage shrewd shrink shudder simultaneoous singular slap slaughter sniff 
snobbery soar sob sober solemn soothe sore sour spare specimen spectator 
sphere spontaneous stabilize stain stalk startle stationary statue stature steep stem 
sterile stern stiff stigma strain stray stride strive stroll stubborn stuff subdue 
subjective submit subordinate subscribe subside substance substitute succumb sue 
suggest suicide sullen summon superficial superfluous supersede suppress surgery 
surpass surplus surrender suspend suspect swallow swear swell swift 
symmetry symptom synthesis
 || (番外) sacrifice
 // (熟語) scratch one's head see eye to eye with see to it that seeing that set about 
set in set off (forth) shrug one's shoulders so far so much for so much so that 
so to speak something of speak out stand by stand for stand in need of stand out 
such and such / such-and-such such as it is / such as they are sum up (to sum up)
tact tame tangible tear tease technical tedious temper tentative terrestrial 
testify  testimony thereby thrive thrust tissue toil tolerance toll torment 
trait tramp transcend transform transient transition transmit traverse treachery 
tremble trespass tribe trifle troop trouble truth twilight tyranny
 || (番外) true
 // (熟語) take 〜 for granted take in take on take over take refuge 
take the precaution of take to the chances are [that] the moment [that] 
the other way around (round) the struggle for existence the survival of the fittest 
to the contrary to the effect that  true for (of)  true to life  turn out  turn up
ultimate unanimous unconscious undergo underlie undermine undertake undo 
undue uneasy unilateral universal  unprecedented uphold upright upset utter
 || (番外) unfair
 // (熟語) under fire under way up and down up to upside down used to
vague valid vanish variable vehicle velocity vent venture verbal verdict 
verge verify vice vicious violate virulent vocation void vouch vow vulgar 
vulnerable
 || (番外) virtue
 // (熟語) vice versa 
wander warfare warn warrant weep whatsoever whim wholesome withdraw 
wither withhold withstand witness worship wreck wretched
 || (番外) wisdom
 // (熟語) wait on wear out well-to-do what if what we call when it comes to
wide of the mark witch hunt with all with interest with the result that 
without regard to [for] work on work out worth while would (had) sooner (A) than (B) 
wrapped up in
 || (番外) xenophobia
yawn yearly yell yield || 
(番外) youth
 // (熟語) yield to
zest  || (番外) zeal
比較
自動詞 lie の過去形 lay と 他動詞 lay の現在形を混同しないこと

伊藤和夫の本